Vietnam PMI May 2024 – manufacturing purchasing managers index

Jun 03, 2024

Output growth quickens amid sustained rise in new orders

  • Manufacturing production up for second month running.
  • Employment decreases again.
  • Input cost inflation at near two-year high.

Cimigo Vietnam market research has collected the Vietnam PMI – manufacturing purchasing managers index since 2013. S&P Global compiles the Vietnam PMI S&P Global from responses to monthly questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in a panel of around 400 manufacturers.

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Vietnam PMI findings

Vietnam PMI May 2024

Growth was sustained in the Vietnamese manufacturing sector during May. New orders increased solidly again, prompting a faster expansion of production. Firms also increased their purchasing activity, but employment declined for the second month running amid resignations and extended staff absences.

Meanwhile, there was a marked acceleration in the rate of input cost inflation during the month. In turn, manufacturers raised their own selling prices for the first time since February.

The S&P Global Vietnam Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index™ (PMI®) was unchanged at 50.3 in May, signalling a second consecutive marginal monthly improvement in business conditions in the sector. The health of the sector has fluctuated only fractionally through the opening five months of 2024.

New orders increased solidly again in May as a strengthening demand environment helped firms to secure new customers and bring in new business. The rate of expansion was slightly softer than that seen in April, however.

Meanwhile, new export orders also increased, albeit to a lesser extent than total new business. The expansion of total new business encouraged manufacturers to raise their production volumes for the second month in a row. Moreover, the rate of growth quickened to the fastest since September 2022.

Despite the increases in new orders and output, manufacturers recorded a second successive monthly fall in employment midway through the second quarter. Anecdotal evidence suggested that employee resignations and extended absences had been behind the drop in workforce numbers, which was solid and the most pronounced for almost a year.

Despite the drop in staffing levels, firms were able to keep on top of workloads in May and reduced outstanding business following a marginal increase in the previous survey period. 

Vietnam PMI Trend May 2024

While employment continued to fall, another expansion of purchasing activity was registered in May as firms responded to rising output requirements. The increase was the second in as many months, and more marked than in April.

Where companies purchased inputs during the month, they were faced with a sharp increase in prices. In fact, the rate of inflation quickened markedly and was the fastest since June 2022. A number of respondents indicated that currency weakness had added to material prices, while there were some reports of higher oil and fuel costs. Around one-quarter of respondents signalled an increase in input costs, against 5% that posted a decrease.

The sharp rise in input costs fed through to an increase in selling prices, the first in three months. The pace of charge inflation was the joint-steepest in 15 months, on a par with that seen in October 2023. After having been unchanged in April, suppliers’ delivery times lengthened marginally in May. Panellists linked delivery delays to goods shortages and difficulties caused by geopolitical issues.

Meanwhile, stocks of both purchases and finished goods continued to fall, with current sequences of depletion extended to nine and five months respectively Factory expansion plans, the launch of new products and the prospect of continued growth of new business all supported confidence in the year-ahead outlook for production. Sentiment was broadly unchanged from that seen in April, remaining below the series average to signal relatively muted optimism.


The S&P Global Vietnam Manufacturing PMI® is compiled by S&P Global from responses to monthly questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in a panel of around 400 manufacturers. The panel is stratified by detailed sector and company workforce size, based on contributions to GDP.

Survey responses are collected by Cimigo Vietnam in the second half of each month and indicate the direction of change compared to the previous month. A diffusion index is calculated for each survey variable. The index is the sum of the percentage of ‘higher’ responses and half the percentage of ‘unchanged’ responses.

The indices vary between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease. The indices are then seasonally adjusted.

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