Vietnam PMI – manufacturing purchasing managers index

Cimigo market research has collected the Vietnam PMI – manufacturing purchasing managers index since 2013. The Vietnam PMI is compiled by IHS Markit from responses to monthly questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in a panel of around 400 manufacturers.

February 2020 Vietnam PMI summary

  • Sharp contraction in manufacturing output amid coronavirus disruption.
  • Quickest fall in production since June 2013.
  • New orders decline amid weaker demand from China.
  • Fresh decrease in employment as illness fears spread.

Vietnam PMI findings

According to the latest PMI survey, coronavirus has severely impacted the Vietnamese manufacturing sector in February. Output contracted at the fastest pace for over six-and-a-half years, new orders fell for the first time since November 2015 and employee numbers dropped. Meanwhile, lower availability of Chinese goods put upward pressure on input prices and firms absorbed the additional costs amid an inability to increase
output charges.

Looking forward, producers were optimistic of an upturn in output over the coming year, but the degree of positivity weakened. The Vietnam Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index™
(PMI®) fell below the 50.0 no-change mark in February, signalling a deterioration in business conditions. The result represented the first decline for over four years. A key factor behind the deterioration in business conditions was
a marked contraction in factory production during February. Panellists often noted that COVID-19 had caused disruption to output, which decreased at the quickest rate since June 2013. The virus also had a negative impact on demand in February.

New orders fell for the first time since November 2015, which was partially driven by a reduction in new export sales. Some survey respondents mentioned weaker order flows from China when explaining the fall in international business. Softer demand conditions led manufacturing firms to cut their
purchasing activity midway through the first quarter. The contraction was the first for over four years and historically marked. The result was driven by declines in both the consumer and intermediate goods sub-sectors. Amid fears regarding the spread of coronavirus, employment in the Vietnamese manufacturing sector fell in February.

The decrease was the first for four months and the fastest for over six-and-a-half years. Investment goods were the only monitored sub-sector to register an increase in staff numbers. The coronavirus also adversely affected supply chains in the latest survey period. Vendor performance deteriorated to the greatest extent since June 2014. All three monitored sub-sectors saw slower delivery times. On the cost front, shortages of necessary inputs led to a rise in cost burdens during February. Some panellists mentioned difficulties in obtaining Chinese goods. The rate of inflation was softer than that registering in January, however. Despite rising input costs, subdued demand led firms to cut average output prices. The decline was the first for three months and modest overall. Investment goods were the only monitored sub-sector to record higher charges. Finally, firms were optimistic towards the 12-month business outlook, supported by expectations for an improvement in demand. However, the degree of confidence weakened to the lowest in series history, dampened by fears of a prolonged impact from COVID-19.   



The IHS Markit Vietnam Manufacturing PMI® is compiled by IHS Markit from responses to monthly questionnaires sent to purchasing managers in a panel of around 400 manufacturers. The panel is stratified by detailed sector and company workforce size, based on contributions to GDP. Survey responses are collected by Cimigo Vietnam in the second half of each month and indicate the direction of change compared to the previous month. A diffusion index is calculated for each survey variable. The index is the sum of the percentage of ‘higher’ responses and half the percentage of ‘unchanged’ responses. The indices vary between 0 and 100, with a reading above 50 indicating an overall increase compared to the previous month, and below 50 an overall decrease. The indices are then seasonally adjusted.

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